An 18% reduction in emissions by 2020 from 2014 levels, with reductions of 39% by 2025 and 45% by 2030 from the same baseline. Contains the section on climate risks and adaptation. The INDC of Dominica. An unconditional 20% reduction in emissions by 2030 compared to practice. A 30% reduction is conditional on the provision of international funds. This would represent a 22% increase over 2010 emissions. Contains the adjustment section. Peru`s position on the Paris agreement is also set out. The INDC of Peru. In Paris, governments also agreed to present long-term strategies by 2020, and more than a dozen countries have done so. A growing number of governments have also adopted targets for the mid-century net zero target.
While these developments are encouraging, it is essential that the 2030 targets are aligned with the trajectories that can achieve the net zero targets of the mid-century. The IPCC SR1.5 has shown that if the emissions reductions needed for 2030 or not are achieved, the ability to limit warming to 1.5oC is compromised. In a number of cases, the net zero targets for the middle of the century are not being met with the 2030 targets that correspond to their achievement. Moldova is the fourth country to have submitted its national contribution for 2020 and to join the Marshall Islands, Norway and Surinam. Commits to reduce emissions by 29% for agriculture, 31% for energy and 21% for forests and land use by 2030, compared to a business as usual scenario. That`s an average drop of 27%. This is linked to international aid, although about 40% of them can be filled unconditionally. Contains a section on adaptation, but only for the period 2015-2020.
In its updated version of 4 March 2020, the Republic of Moldova sets out national priorities covering cross-sector socio-economic areas and sectoral developments in agriculture, water resources, human health, forestry, energy and transport. It focuses on adaptation priorities arising from the country`s adaptation strategy and action plan for its implementation, as well as its fourth national communication to the UNFCCC, which includes the assessment of vulnerabilities and the effects of climate change. The NDC shows how the country is influenced by rising temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns and increased climate drought, associated with the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events. The NDC provides information on the most urgent capacity needs by 2025 on interventions, agencies responsible and financial estimates. The total cost of the adjustment is estimated at $0.2 billion. The new NDC cycle from 2020 is an important opportunity to strengthen renewable energy targets. The letter from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), published at the COP25 World Climate Conference at the end of 2019, highlights the possibility of combating the climate threat, decarbonising energy consumption while achieving several Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).