BackgroundThe creation of the Economic and Monetary Union marks the culmination of several decades of movement towards European economic integration. In 1951, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands formed the European Coal and Steel Community, creating a common market for coal and steel. In 1957, the same six countries signed the Treaty of Rome establishing the European Economic Community (ECE) or the Common Market. (Ireland, Denmark and the United Kingdom joined in 1972. The Werner report, which proposed a European Monetary Union, was adopted in 1971 by the heads of state of the ECE Member States. In 1979, the nine members of the EC formed the European monetary system and eight of the countries agreed to keep the value of the currencies of their currencies within the defined range against the currencies of other members; the ninth country, the United Kingdom, joined the agreement in 1990. The Maastricht Treaty of 1992 set a timetable for the establishment of EMU, as well as limits on inflation rates, interest rates, public deficits and public debt that countries had to meet in order to join the Union. Baier, S, Bergstrand, J, Egger, P and McLaughlin, S. 2008.
Questions of understanding the causes and consequences of the growth of regionalism. The world economy 31 (4): 461-497. An initial attempt to create an economic and monetary union among the members of the European Communities was born out of a 1969 European Commission initiative, which stressed the need for „increased coordination of economic policies and monetary cooperation“, followed by the decision taken by the Heads of State and Government at their 1969 summit in The Hague. , a gradual plan to create a monetary economic and economic union by the end of the 1970s. when i and I use the same currency at the time t and 0 otherwise, RTA is the unit if i and I belong to the same regional trade convention at the time t and 0 β is a vector of coefficients, z is a vector of control elements, „δ“ is a set of annual effects, and ε ij represents the countless other influences that are assumed to behave well. The debate on EMU was revived at the Hanover Summit in June 1988, when an ad hoc committee (Delors Committee) of the central bank governors of the twelve Member States, chaired by the President of the European Commission, Jacques Delors, was invited to propose a new timetable, with clear, practical and realistic measures for the creation of an economic and monetary union.  This method of work is derived from the Spaak method. The idea of an Economic and Monetary Union in Europe was only raised long before the creation of the European Communities.
For example, the Latin Monetary Union existed from 1865 to 1927.   In the League of Nations, Gustav Stresemann called in 1929 for a European currency in a context of growing economic division due to a series of new nation-states in Europe after the First World War. In a large single currency area, such as the United States, labour mobility plays an important role in solving the problem of high unemployment at the regional level. If the economy is weak in one part of the country, while there are labour shortages elsewhere in the country, workers in the high-unemployment region can move to areas where there are many jobs. However, due to differences in culture, language, etc., labour mobility in EMU countries has been much lower than between regions of the United States. Given that unemployment in EMU is around 9% and that the various EMU countries have lost much of their capacity to implement macroeconomic policies, EMU faces the challenge of increasing international labour mobility. One of the priorities of the Maastricht Treaty was the economic policy and convergence of the economies of the EU Member States.