In addition, the CMA`s predecessor, the OFT, recognized, in the case of the distribution of newspapers and magazines (advice from the Fair Trade Office – guide to facilitating self-assessment under the Competition Act 1998), to recognize the advantages of selective distribution with respect to newspapers, since newspapers can only be sold for a limited period of time (i.e. newspapers must be delivered and sold on the newspaper production). , the majority of newspaper demand ends until noon). In April 2018, the CMA issued guidelines on the appropriate amount of the penalty. The document contains a six-step approach. This includes taking into account the relevant turnover of the company concerned, the seriousness and duration of the infringement, the aggravating and mitigating circumstances, and the possible adaptation of deterrence and proportionality. At the end of the decision, the CMA will also have to ensure that the 10% ceiling of the group`s global turnover is not exceeded by the proposed fine and that any leniency and settlement reductions are fully taken into account. The Competition Appeals Tribunal („CAT“) has the jurisdiction to check without restriction the amount of a sanction imposed by the CMA. In addition, although parties to „small agreements“ are not a total exception to the application of the Chapter I ban, densen, which are sanctioned under Section 39 of the Board (e.g. B, mobility ScooterS I and Mobility Scooters II have not been sanctioned in the most recent cases – see questions 26 and 32). However, price-fixing agreements are excluded from the scope of the „small agreements“ exemption in Section 39, paragraph 1, point b ca, and the CMA has, in accordance with CA`s Section 39 (3) of Ad, a discretion to withdraw the exemption in a particular case, a discretion it exercised in August 2017 in its investigation of TGA Mobility. The CMA implements leniency communication for companies with full immunity or a partial reduction in the fine, which is available in appropriate cases. For example, the CMA granted Yamaha full immunity in the investigation of digital pianos, digital keyboards and guitars, because Yamaha blew the whistle on its RPM agreement with retailer GAK (which, after working with the CMA in June 2020, was fined $278,945).
Leniency disclosure is only available for cartel activities that involve MPRs for these purposes, but not for other vertical restrictions or abuse of dominance. The CMA adopted the 2013 LA OFT guidelines for clemency and non-recourse for cartels and abuse of dominance. Under what circumstances do the vertical restriction rules apply to agreements between a parent company and a related company (or between affiliates of the same parent company)? Selective distribution can dismantle a retail market if it is practised by a sufficient proportion of producers.